No form, feeling ... : This negation
of the five skandhas is to point out that the
superficial appearance and characters we are
familiar with actually have no intrinsic
substance. Form (physical matter) is energy, its
appearance is an illusion of the perceiver;
feelings are subjective, conceptions are
mind-made, volition (will, intent which lead to
action) and what we call consciousness are streams
of thought based on deluded understanding of
reality. There is no “self” to be found in form,
feeling, conception, volition, or
No eye, ear ... :
negation of the six senses. Used to perceive and
understand the world, they actually mislead and
limit our perception.
No form, sound ...
: the six sense objects are also not what they
seem and are devoid of substance.
of vision … no realm of mind-consciousness:
negation of the eighteen spheres (six senses, six
sense objects, and six types of consciousness,
that of vision, hearing, olfaction, taste, touch,
and mind-consciousness). The eighteen spheres
represent the way the deluded mind perceives and
divides the world, and prevents us from seeing the
unity and equality of all things.
ignorance … no ending of aging and death:
negation of the twelvefold causal chain
action->consciousness->mind and form->six
age and death) which explains the dependent
arising process of reincarnation. From the view of
absolute reality, the twelvefold chain and its
elimination (ending of …, which is needed to gain
liberation from reincarnation), are also empty. In
fact, what we perceive as birth-and-deaths are
actually delusions, so suffering is also
No wisdom and no attainment:
wisdom overcomes ignorance and delusion. Since
delusions are empty, so is wisdom. Nothing (which
we do not already have) is gained by
By way of prajna paramita …:
by the practice and profound understanding of the
empty/interconnected/equal nature of all dharmas,
which is prajna wisdom, one’s mind becomes freed
from all delusions and abides in absolute peace
and absolute bliss. This is called attaining
There is no fear: fear comes
from misunderstanding and ignorance. With prajna
wisdom, all fear is removed.
“the enlightened one.” There are many Buddhas in
the past, present, and future; all sentient beings
can become Buddhas, by practicing prajna paramita.
supreme, samyak-sambodhi: right and comprehensive
understanding (complete enlightenment). The state
of the Buddha.
Powerful, enlightening …:
True wisdom liberates and empowers us. There is no
higher wisdom than prajna, nothing can compare to
it. There is no higher bliss than what prajna can
Mantra: "true words", also a
short phrase that contains much meaning. Mantras
are usually left untranslated.
paragate parasamgate bodhi svaha: this mantra
basically means: go, go, go beyond, go completely
beyond to complete