Indolence: sloth or laziness easily leads
to moral misconducts.
diligence: to attain the Way requires diligent
Vexations: klesas (pronounced
“kleshas”)—greed, anger, and ignorance; the
mental states that vex the mind; causes of
Four maras: maras are
obstacles to cultivation. 1. Kleshas, 2. skandhas,
3. death, 4.
deva-mara, the celestial evil
Prison: the skandhas are like a
Ignorance: : ignorance of the true nature
of the “self” and life. From
comes desires and hatred, which in turn lead to
Study and learn: bodhisattvas
need to learn many ways of liberation in
order to help
wide groups of people.
ability to convey the teaching well and to answer
Poverty and hardship: easily lead to
resentment, which in turn may
otherwise undue and uncalled-for bad karma with
the practice of charity. One may practice the
giving of material
donating organs, or the giving of Dharma wisdom,
or the giving
of comfort and encouragement.
bodhisattva understands all beings are
fundamentally equal; they
have no hatred
towards evil or malicious people.
Five desires: desire for sights, sounds,
smells, tastes, and touch.
desire for wealth, lust, fame, food, and sleep.
Three robes …:
traditionally Buddhist monks wear only three
begging bowl can be tiled or metal. Instruments:
Buddhist services. These are symbols of monastic
Mahayana: means great (maha) vehicle
(yana). It is the path of
and Buddhas, who are devoted to the liberation of
Mahayana mind: the bodhi mind, the enlightened
within all of us.
Take on sufferings: a
bodhisattva is willing to self-sacrifice for
others. But a
is to eliminate the ego and help others to
eliminate the ego
Sentient beings: all
living beings with sentience, including devas
beings), asuras (demi-gods), human beings,
hell-beings. Unlike Buddhas and bodhisattvas, they
Supreme joy: the joy of perfect
enlightenment; the joy of nirvana.
Dharmakaya: the Buddha has three bodies
(kaya), dharma-kaya, the truth
body, which is
formless, unborn, our original nature;
body, which can only be seen by great
the transformation body, which is the historical
Buddha seen by
“birth-and-death,” referring to reincarnation,
that is the
of birth-and-deaths. By extension it means this
Nirvana: the state free
from all suffering; ultimate bliss and
Thought after thought: one
deviant thought can lead to grave peril; one
can eliminate great sin.
the path to awakening, to becoming a Buddha.
Therein lies the