Sutra: : a Buddhist scripture, spoken by
the Buddha or certified (to be
true) by the
Buddha. the “self” and life. From ignorance comes
hatred, which in turn lead to samsara.
Beings: Highly enlightened beings; beings with
great virtue and
bodhisattvas and Buddhas.
sincerely, with great concentration;
what one must achieve to become a Great Being such
First Realization: the foundation of the
eight realizations; the teaching of
suffering, emptiness, and no-self.
great elements : earth (solid or dry matter),
water (liquid or wet
(air or motion), and fire (heat or energy). They
Inhere in suffering: all worldly
things are impermanent, and prone to bring
without independent existence, consistency, or
skandhas: five aggregates—form, feeling,
conception, volition, and
Ordinary beings take these aggregates to be the
No self: emptiness of
independent, consistent self-identity. What we
“self” is actually an illusive ego.
arise... : all composite things are
conditional, always changing, and
One should see beyond their appearance. There
of evil: all harmful actions come from deluded
Reservoir of sin: the body is
prone to suffering, a result of past
from birth and death: to escape the endless
rebirth cycle and attain
Birth, death: where there is birth there is
death; both are suffering. The
rebirth cycle (“samsara”) is a result of desires
: free from forced effort (but not necessarily
no-action), free from
attachments, unconditioned, absolute. It also
by having no desires, understanding that we are
complete and lacking nothing.
Sin: misdeeds, actions that lead to harm
Bodhisattva: one who vows
to become a Buddha and, with infinite
liberates countless sentient beings.
Sattva: sentient beings, beings with
At peace with poverty:
the bodhisattva is not distressed by physical
poverty is poverty of virtue, not material
Wisdom as sole vocation:
“wisdom” means the understanding of truth. To
wisdom is essential for the bodhisattva.